If you’re a car enthusiast looking to get your hands on unique and exclusive models, Japanese Domestic Market (JDM) cars are a popular choice. These imports offer a chance to own vehicles that were never sold in America, including highly sought-after performance cars from Japan’s manufacturing golden era in the ’80s and ’90s. However, before you venture into the world of JDM cars, it’s essential to be aware of the potential pitfalls and challenges that come with importing these vehicles. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the most common problems and provide valuable insights to ensure a smooth JDM car buying experience.
1. Driving on the Other Side: Right-Hand Drive Challenges
One of the first things to consider when importing a JDM car is the fact that Japanese drivers, like the Brits and Australians, drive on the left side of the road. As a result, JDM cars are right-hand drive (RHD). While there are no legal issues with driving an RHD car in the United States, it’s essential to be aware of the adjustments required when transitioning from left-hand drive (LHD) to RHD. The change in driving position can significantly affect your visibility, especially when it comes to overtaking other vehicles. Additionally, the location of the gear shifter, wipers, and turn signals may be different from what you’re accustomed to, requiring time to adapt and relearn the positioning of controls.
2. Lost in Translation: Language Barriers for Maintenance
Another challenge that often arises when importing JDM cars is the lack of English-language manuals and documentation. While swapping from LHD to RHD may be relatively straightforward, understanding and maintaining a car with a manual only in Japanese can be more challenging. The availability of English manuals varies by make and model, with popular imports generally having more resources accessible. Enthusiast sites can be a valuable resource to find English manuals or seek assistance from knowledgeable owners. However, if you prefer professional maintenance, finding a specialist who is knowledgeable about your specific JDM car might be difficult, especially for obscure models. It’s important to consider the availability of maintenance resources and the potential inconvenience of traveling long distances for specialized services.
3. Spare Parts Hunt: The Challenge of Finding JDM Car Parts
Finding spare parts for JDM cars can be a significant challenge, particularly for models that were not sold in large numbers. To keep costs down and simplify the process, it’s recommended to identify which parts are shared with models sold in America. This way, you can source parts locally instead of relying on imports from Japan. Enthusiast forums often serve as valuable platforms for connecting with individuals who may have spare parts for your specific JDM model. If local sourcing proves difficult, turning to parts suppliers in Japan becomes necessary. However, it’s important to consider the additional time and cost associated with shipping parts internationally. For rare or hard-to-find parts, it may be the only option available.
4. Navigating Japanese Auctions: A Tricky Undertaking
In Japan, a significant number of used cars are sold through auctions. However, navigating these auctions can be challenging, especially for those unfamiliar with the process. It is advisable to work with a reputable importer who can bid on your behalf and handle the necessary export paperwork. Auction listings in Japan may lack detailed information, as the grading system used in the country’s auctions often provides broad categories that don’t necessarily reflect specific details about a car’s condition. To gain a better understanding, an auction inspector’s report is available in Japanese, offering more insights into a car’s overall condition. It’s important to note that some aftermarket upgrades might be removed from the car between the auction and its arrival at the local port. To avoid such issues, buying from an import dealer with stock already in the US can be a preferred option, although it may limit your choices in terms of model and condition.
5. The Mystery of a Car’s History: Verifying Authenticity
Buying a car at auction means there is limited guarantee regarding its history. Deceptive exporters may alter a car’s documentation or manipulate its odometer to increase its value. Unfortunately, there is often no way to verify if a car’s history has been tampered with or if it is genuine. To mitigate this risk, it is crucial to work with trusted exporters and import companies who prioritize transparency and can provide reliable documentation. In some cases, cars with fake histories have been discovered only when additional documentation from their original time in Japan came to light. To ensure the authenticity of a JDM car, thorough research and due diligence are essential.
6. Rust: The Hidden Enemy of JDM Cars
JDM cars, generally not exposed to road salt due to Japan’s temperate climate, often lack the same level of rustproofing found in cars sold in the United States. While this may not be a problem when purchasing a JDM car already in the US, it becomes a concern when importing directly from Japan. Coastal areas with sea breezes and colder regions where salt is used on the roads are prone to rust issues. Thoroughly inspecting a potential purchase for any signs of rust is crucial. If the car is still in Japan, relying on your exporter to carry out a detailed inspection becomes necessary. Additionally, professionally rustproofing the car upon arrival can save you from costly repairs and hassle in the future.
7. Compliance and Conversion: Meeting US Safety and Emission Standards
Importing unusual or rare vehicles to the US often requires demonstrating compliance with American safety and emissions standards. The easiest way to achieve this is through a certified registered importer (RI) who can confirm that the car is substantially similar to a model already sold in the US or can modify it to conform. Popular JDM models usually have a higher chance of meeting these standards, while obscure ones may require a more complex compliance process. In such cases, importers must present sufficient evidence and make a case to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for the car’s conformity. This process can be time-consuming, expensive, and may not guarantee certification. Consulting with a reputable import company that can guide you through this process is highly recommended.
8. The California Challenge: Stringent Emissions Regulations
While registering a JDM car can be more challenging in some states, California stands out as the strictest due to its stringent emissions regulations. Some JDM cars are considered “direct imports” in California, requiring lab tests for emissions compliance before certification can be granted. However, there is only one certified lab to conduct these tests, making the process both expensive and time-consuming. After lab certification, further smog testing is necessary to obtain a Bureau of Automotive Repair (BAR) label, allowing the car to be registered. Importers knowledgeable about the process are essential to navigate the complexities of California’s regulations and ensure a successful importation.
9. Insurance Considerations: Protecting Your JDM Investment
Insuring a freshly-imported JDM car can present challenges depending on the make, model, and insurer’s prior experience with similar vehicles. While popular JDM imports may not pose significant difficulties in finding reasonably-priced insurance, more unusual models can result in limited options and higher premiums. It’s important to research different insurance companies and their acceptance of JDM cars to find the best coverage for your specific import. Reputable importers can provide valuable advice on insurance providers based on their previous clients’ experiences. Understanding the potential costs before purchasing a JDM car, especially for those with modest budgets, is essential to avoid unexpected expenses.
10. Resale Realities: The Myth of JDM Car Investments
Contrary to popular belief, most JDM cars do not guarantee a profitable resale. Importing a JDM car incurs additional costs like shipping, import and registration fees, and potential conversion expenses, which might not be reflected in the car’s resale value. While some headlines highlight low-mileage Supras and Skylines selling for high sums, these instances are often exceptions rather than the norm. Auctions drive many of the highest prices, making resale value uncertain. Moreover, obscure models are particularly challenging to make money on, and buying solely for potential resale value is not a recommended approach. Import a JDM car because you genuinely desire it, not solely as a financial investment.
11. The Thrill of Owning a JDM Car: Unique Experiences Await
Despite the challenges and potential pitfalls, owning a JDM car offers unique experiences and a connection to automotive history. The exclusivity of driving a vehicle that was never sold in America or owning a rare model makes JDM cars a conversation starter at shows and meets. Japanese cars often boast higher or exclusive specifications, and the reputation for Japanese car owners’ meticulous care adds to their allure. The thrill of owning a JDM car goes beyond financial considerations, providing enthusiasts with a distinct sense of pride and enjoyment that can’t be easily replicated.
12. Conclusion: Navigating the JDM Car Importation Journey
Importing a JDM car is an exciting venture for car enthusiasts, providing access to exclusive models and a unique driving experience. However, it’s essential to be aware of the challenges and potential problems that come with the process. From adjusting to right-hand drive to understanding the language barriers for maintenance and finding spare parts, each aspect requires careful consideration. Verifying a car’s history, inspecting for rust, and ensuring compliance with US safety and emissions standards are crucial steps to protect your investment. While resale value may not always be lucrative, the joy of owning a JDM car lies in the passion for these unique vehicles. By navigating the complexities and taking the necessary precautions, you can embark on a rewarding journey of JDM car ownership.