2023 Tesla Model 3 vs. 2023 Tesla Model Y: A Comprehensive Comparison

Tesla, the renowned electric vehicle manufacturer, offers an impressive lineup of vehicles that have revolutionized the automotive industry. If you’re in the market for a Tesla, you might find yourself torn between the sleek Model 3 sedan and the versatile Model Y crossover. In this comprehensive comparison, we will delve into the key differences and similarities between these two models to help you make an informed decision that suits your needs.

Dimensions and Capacities

When it comes to size, the Model Y SUV is slightly larger than its sedan counterpart, the Model 3. However, the overall dimensions of the two vehicles are not drastically different. The Model Y measures 187.0 inches in length, just a couple of inches longer than the Model 3’s 184.8 inches. The wheelbase of the Model Y is also slightly longer, with a span of 113.8 inches compared to the Model 3’s 113.2 inches.

In terms of width, the Model Y takes the lead, being 1.6 inches wider than the Model 3. It also offers an additional 1.3 inches of ground clearance, making it more suitable for off-road adventures.

When it comes to interior space, the Model Y has a slight advantage. It boasts more front and rear headroom compared to the Model 3, although the difference is minimal. Surprisingly, the Model 3 offers 0.9 inches more front legroom than the Model Y, and its rear hip room is also 1.8 inches more spacious. However, the Model Y shines in terms of rear legroom, providing 40.5 inches of space to stretch out compared to the Model 3’s 35.2 inches.

In terms of cargo capacity, the Model Y clearly outperforms the Model 3. With five people in the car, the Model 3 offers 22.9 cubic feet of cargo space, whereas the Model Y provides a generous 34.3 cubic feet. However, it’s worth noting that the Model Y’s cargo capacity decreases to 17 cubic feet when accommodating seven passengers. On the other hand, the Model 3 cannot seat seven adults at all.

Power and Performance

Tesla is renowned for its impressive electric powertrains, and both the Model 3 and Model Y deliver exhilarating performance. While Tesla doesn’t publish public-facing horsepower or torque figures, we can rely on performance metrics and EPA documents to gather some information.

In the Model 3 lineup, the base rear-wheel drive (RWD) model offers 257 horsepower from its single rear motor. The Model 3 Long Range, equipped with two motors, combines for a net output of 393 horsepower. For those seeking even more power, the Model 3 Performance variant boasts an impressive 430 horsepower.

On the Model Y side, both the base and Long Range variants feature a power output of 390 horsepower, while the Performance variant ramps it up to 418 horsepower.

When it comes to acceleration and top speed, the Model 3 and Model Y offer impressive performance across the board. The Model 3 RWD takes 5.8 seconds to reach 60 mph and has a top speed of 140 mph. The Model 3 Long Range improves upon these figures, accelerating to 60 mph in just 4.2 seconds and reaching a top speed of 145 mph. At the top of the range, the Model 3 Performance is a true beast, sprinting to 60 mph in a jaw-dropping 3.1 seconds and attaining a top speed of 162 mph.

On the Model Y side, all three variants (base, Long Range, Performance) come with standard dual-motor all-wheel drive (AWD). The base and Long Range variants have a top speed of 135 mph, with the base model reaching 60 mph in 5.0 seconds, just two-tenths slower than the Long Range model. The Performance trim takes things up a notch, accelerating from 0 to 60 mph in a swift 3.5 seconds and achieving a top speed of 155 mph.

Range and Efficiency

One of the most crucial factors to consider when purchasing an electric vehicle is its range, and both the Model 3 and Model Y offer impressive electric mileage. The Model 3 RWD has the lowest range among the variants mentioned in this comparison, with an EPA-estimated 272 miles. However, upgrading to the Model 3 Long Range provides an impressive 333 miles of range, making it the top performer in this aspect. The Model 3 Performance, due to its higher power output, incurs a slight range penalty, offering a still-impressive 315 miles of range.

Moving to the Model Y, the base AWD variant provides a solid 279 miles of range, while the Long Range trim increases that figure to an impressive 330 miles. The Performance variant, as expected, sacrifices some range but still offers a commendable 303 miles.

Tesla is known for its commitment to improving efficiency, and both the Model 3 and Model Y benefit from advancements in battery technology and aerodynamics. This results in impressive range figures that can alleviate range anxiety and provide peace of mind during long drives.

Pricing and Configurations

When it comes to pricing, the Model 3 has a slight edge over the Model Y in the entry-level category. The base Model 3 RWD starts at $41,630, which is several thousand dollars lower than the base Model Y’s $49,130 price tag. The Model 3 Long Range starts at $48,630, while the Model Y Long Range begins at $51,880. At the top of the range, the Performance variants of both models have similar price points, with the Model 3 priced at $54,630 and the Model Y at $55,880.

It’s worth noting that Tesla frequently adjusts its prices, so it’s essential to verify the latest pricing information on their official website or consult with a Tesla representative before making a purchase.

Safety and Autopilot Features

Tesla is renowned for its commitment to safety and innovative Autopilot features. Both the Model 3 and Model Y come equipped with advanced safety technologies as standard, including collision avoidance, emergency braking, and blind-spot monitoring. Additionally, Tesla’s Autopilot system offers advanced driver-assist features, such as adaptive cruise control and lane-keeping assist, providing drivers with an enhanced level of safety and convenience.

Charging and Supercharging Network

One of the advantages of owning a Tesla is access to the extensive Supercharger network, which provides high-speed charging capabilities for Tesla owners. Both the Model 3 and Model Y can take advantage of this network, allowing for convenient long-distance travel with minimized charging times.

Tesla offers different charging options for its vehicles, including home charging stations and third-party charging networks. The Model 3 and Model Y are compatible with Tesla’s Supercharger V3, which allows for ultra-fast charging speeds, reducing charging times significantly.

Interior and Technology

Tesla vehicles are known for their minimalist and futuristic interiors, and both the Model 3 and Model Y follow this design philosophy. The interiors of both models feature a clean and uncluttered layout, with a large touchscreen display dominating the center console. This display serves as the control center for various vehicle functions, including entertainment, climate control, and navigation.

Both the Model 3 and Model Y offer a spacious and comfortable cabin, with high-quality materials and excellent build quality. The Model Y’s SUV-like design provides a higher seating position, giving passengers a commanding view of the road.

In terms of technology, Tesla vehicles are packed with features. The Model 3 and Model Y come equipped with Tesla’s advanced infotainment system, which offers seamless integration with smartphones, access to streaming services, and over-the-air software updates that continually enhance the vehicle’s capabilities.


In conclusion, the 2023 Tesla Model 3 and Model Y are both exceptional vehicles that embody Tesla’s commitment to innovation and sustainability. The Model 3 offers a sleek and sporty sedan experience, while the Model Y provides the versatility of a crossover. When choosing between these two models, consider your specific needs, such as interior space, cargo capacity, range, and budget.

Whether you opt for the Model 3 or Model Y, you can rest assured that you are investing in a cutting-edge electric vehicle that offers exhilarating performance, advanced safety features, and access to Tesla’s extensive charging infrastructure. Embrace the future of transportation with a Tesla, and experience the thrill of electric driving.

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